In the trucking industry, there is a big difference in being an intrastate carrier and an interstate carrier. If you ever find yourself in the misfortune of being in an accident involving an 18-wheeler, this information can be of vital importance.
An intrastate carrier is a truck that carries goods that are going from point A to point B within the state. A shipment from Savannah to Atlanta in Georgia is considered an intrastate delivery. The truck should not leave the state.
An interstate carrier is a truck that carries goods from one state to another, sometimes making stops. A truck carrying goods from Pittsburgh to Washington, DC, can make stops in Dayton, OH and Arlington VA. Additionally, there is authorization needed from Canada and Mexico if the shipment is going to either country.
The rules and regulations for intrastate and interstate carriers differ. There are also a set of regulations for tractor-trailer trucks, whether the truck is doing a partial or full delivery, and how long the driver can go without taking a rest/break. It is the responsibility of the trucking company to make sure that the truck is logged in correctly as either intrastate or interstate. I
If any changes are made to the delivery, such as going from an intrastate to an interstate delivery, it is vital that the information is changed. Loads are insured for only what is supposed to be on the truck and sometimes trucking companies try to bypass this law.
A real important fact to know is that interstate carriers are regulated by not only the state, but a federal law called the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. While intrastate carriers are governed by state law, most states have also adopted federal laws.